9120-Bidding For Construction Work ## Standards for Particiation in Construction Contracts

All contracts formally or informally bid will be awarded to the lowest responsible bidder, taking into consideration quality, performance, reliability and the time specified in the bids for performance of the contract. Contracts will contain a provision stating that the contactor and contractor’s subcontractors, if any, just conply with the requirements of G.S. Cahpter 64, Article 2. Prior to bidding, contractors a be require to prequalify if the board has elected to use this process. No contract may be entered into with a restricted company, as listed by the state treasurer in accordance with G.S. 147, art. 6E or 6G, escapt as permitted by those laws.

The Avery County Board of Education prohibits discrimination against any person or business on the basis of race, color, ethnic origin, sex, disability or religion. In addition, in accordance with G.S. 143-133.5, the board prohibits discrimination against a bidder or contractor for being party to, refusing to be party to, adhering to, or refusing to adhere to an agreement with a labor organization. The superintendent is required to conduct contracting and purchasing programs so as to prevent such discrimination.

The superintendent, on behalf of the board, must certify that good faith efforts have been made to increase the participation in construction contracts by minority-owned and female-owned businesses, as required by policy 9125, Participation by Women- and Minority-Owned Businesses.

The board will grant a North Carolina resident firm providing architectural, engineering, surveying, construction management at-risk service, design-build services, or public-private construction services a preference over a nonresident firm, if the home state of the nonresident firm has a practice of granting a preference to its resident firms over North Carolina resident firms. Any preference granted to a resident firm will be in the same manner, on the same basis and to the same extent as the preference granted by the nonresident firm’s home state. The school system’s bid documents will require that nonresident firms disclose and describe any construction contract preferences granted by the firm’s home state.

Bidding Methods

The Avery County Board of Education may request bids for contracts for building projects using single prime, multi-prime (separate prime), construction management at- risk, dual bidding, design-build, design-build bridging, and public-private partnership methods, as permitted by law. The superintendent shall make a recommendation to the board as to the method(s) that should be used for a particular project.

If the superintendent believes the project cannot be reasonably completed under the methods authorized by G.S. 143-128, the superintendent shall so inform the board and make the recommendations to the board that it approve the use of alternative methods. Upon board approval, the superintendent shall submit to the State Building Commission a request to use an alternative contracting method along with supporting documentation.

Formal Bidding

Construction and repair work requiring the estimated expenditure of $500,000 or more will be advertised for bid and will be awarded through formal bidding procedures. Dividing contracts to lower the expenditure amounts so as to evade these requirements is prohibited. The board authorizes the use of newspaper advertisement, electronic advertisement, or both for formal bids; however, the superintendent has the authority to determine which method will be used for a specific purchase or categories of purchases. The superintendent shall establish formal bidding procedures consistent with this policy and applicable law and make the procedures available to all bidders or potential bidders.

Informal Bidding

Informal bids will be obtained for construction and repair contracts between $30,000 and $500,000. Quotations from contractors may be solicited by telephone or in writing. Informal bids are recommended, but not required, for construction and repair work costing less than between $30,000.

Dividing contracts to lower the expenditure amounts so as to evade the informal bidding requirements is prohibited. The superintendent shall develop informal bidding procedures consistent with this policy and applicable law and will make the procedures available to all bidders and potential bidders.


All formally bid construction contracts must be reviewed by the board attorney. The superintendent shall consult with the board attorney in developing standards from contracts for informally bid construction projects.

Any construction or repair contract involving expenditures in excess of $1000 must be reviewed by the board attorney and approved I advance by the board unless provided otherwise in board policy. Unless otherwise prohibited by statute or regulation, the superintendent or designee is authorized to enter into construction or repair contracts involving amounts up to $1000. Change orders for construction and repair contracts will be subject to the requirements of policy 9030, Facility Construction, not this provision.

Records and Reporting Requirements

Records of all informal or formal bids received will be maintained and will be available for public inspection. Such records should include the date the bid is received, from whom it is received, and for what project. The records will document why the selected contractor was the lowest responsive, responsible bidder if the contractor was not the low bidder.

The superintendent will submit required reports to the State and provide reports to the board on the progress being made towards reaching the board’s goals.

At least monthly, the superintendent shall report to the board all contracts approved by the superintendent under this policy that exceed $1000.

Dispute Resolution Process

The board establishes the following dispute resolution process to resolve issues arising out of construction and repair projects or contracts related to such projects. The dispute resolution process may be used by any party involved in the construction project for those disputes in which the amount in controversy is at least $15,000.

Prior to initiating litigation concerning a dispute, parties to the dispute must do the following: (1) submit the dispute for review by the superintendent or other designated school official and the project architect, as appropriate, and (2) participate in mediation, if the matter cannot be resolved by school officials and the architect. The cost of the dispute resolution process will be divided between the parties to the dispute. If the board is a party to the dispute, the board will pay at least one-third of the cost.

Legal References: G.S. 64, art. 2; 115C-521, -522; 143-64.31 and art. 8; 147, art. 6E, art. 6G.

Cross Reference: Contracts with the Board (policy 6420), Facility Construction (policy 9030), Prequalification of Bidders for Construction Projects (policy 9115), Participation by Women and Minority-Owned Businesses (policy 9125)

Adopted: 2000-10-02

Revised: 2006-03-20; 2006-12-04, 2008-11-03, 2013-03-11; 2014-09-30; 2015-04-14; 2016-10-11; 2018-03-13